Science is a subject which is taught and studied throughout the school. Science enables children to develop their understanding of a wide range of topics through practical experiences while also encouraging them to raise questions and find out the answers linked to these activities. We work on a rolling two year programme at Trinity Road Primary School. The details of the Science learning that will take place over the course of this academic year are listed below.

Years 1 and 2 Each term, the Seasonal Changes topic will be taught and this covers a combination of both Science and Geography learning opportunities. Within these lessons pupils will observe the changes that take place across each of the four seasons, observing and describing the weather associated with the seasons. They will also focus on the weather associated with each season and how the length of the day varies according to the time of the year. During the Autumn Term, the Science topic Plants will be taught, in which pupils will have opportunities to identify and name a variety of wild and garden plants, including deciduous trees and also focusses on the different environments in which they are found. This topic also encompasses some of the children’s Geographical learning such as respecting nature, different environment/habitat types, and the effect that humans have on the environment and how all these aspects relate to each other. During the Spring Term, the children will study a Scientific unit focused on Animals including Humans, in which they will identify and name a variety of common animals including fish, reptiles, amphibians, birds and mammals. It will also enable children to identify animals by their type or structure, e.g. are they herbivores, carnivores or omnivores? In the Summer Term the children will be extending their learning on Plants. This time they will be focussing on how seeds and bulbs grow and the conditions needed, e.g. water, light and temperature to enable them to develop into mature plants
Years 3 and 4 At the beginning of the Autumn Term, the children in Lower Key Stage Two will build on their learning carried out in Key Stage 1, focussing on Animals including Humans. This term they will be identifying that animals and humans need the right types and amounts of nutrition from the food they eat, because they are unable to make their own food independently. They will also learn how humans and some animals have skeletons and muscles which give their bodies support, protection and movement. During the second half of the Autumn term, the children will learn about Electricity. They will begin by identifying the appliances that run on electricity. Then they will learn how to construct a simple circuit and identify and name the different components found in a circuit, e.g. wires, bulbs and switches. They will have the opportunity to test their circuits to see whether their circuit is able to run one or more lights. The children will also learn about switches, conductors and insulators. In the Spring Term the children will be learning about States of Material and Matter. This involves the children comparing and grouping materials by type, e.g. solids, liquids or gases. They will have the opportunity to observe how materials change their state when they are heated or cooled and measure and research the temperature at which these changes happen. They will also look at the part played by evaporation and condensation in the water cycle and learn to associate the rate of evaporation with temperature. At the beginning of the Summer Term, the children will learn about Rocks. They will compare and group different types of rocks based on their appearance and physical properties. They will look at and describe how fossils are formed and know that they were living things. They will also be able to explain how soil is formed from rocks and organic matter. For the second half of the summer term, the children will explore Forces and Magnets. This involves children comparing how things move on different surfaces. They will recognise how forces need contact between the objects and that magnetic force can work at a distance. They will learn how magnets have poles and that they attract or repel each other and will attract some materials and not others, depending on whether they are magnetic or not. At the end of the unit the children will be able to predict accurately whether the magnets will attract or repel each other and give reasons for their view.
Years 5 and 6 At the beginning of the Autumn Term, the children in Upper Key Stage Two will learn about Evolution and Inheritance. They will be able to recognise how things have changed over time and that examining fossils provides us with information about how the earth was inhabited many millions of years ago. They will be able to recognise how living things produce offspring of the same kind but that they are not identical to their parents. The children will also be able to identify how plants and animals are adapted to suit their environment in different ways and that adaptation may lead to evolution. During the second half term the children will learn about Living Things and their Habitats. They will be able to describe the differences in the life cycles of mammals, amphibians, insects and birds. They will also be able to describe the life process of reproduction in plants and humans. The children will learn about Animals including Humans during the Spring Term. This will focus on the changes seen in humans as they age. At the beginning of the Summer Term they will explore the Properties and Changes of Materials, this will involve comparing and grouping materials by their properties, including hardness, solubility and conductivity. They will know how some materials dissolve in liquids to form a solution and be able to describe how to recover a substance from a solution. The children will be able to use their knowledge of solids, liquids and gases to describe how mixtures may be separated through filtering, sieving and evaporating. They will be able to demonstrate how dissolving, mixing and some changes of state can be reversible changes, whereas changes that result in new materials are irreversible. The children will also be able to give reasons based on evidence for why materials have particular uses. During the second half of the Summer Term the children will develop their knowledge of Electricity further. They will be able to associate the brightness of a bulb with the number of voltage cells used in a circuit and recognise the symbols used when representing a simple circuit in a diagram. They will also compare and give reasons for the variations in how electrical components function.


Photo gallery

Here are some photographs of learning taking place within Science across the school.



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Trinity Road Primary School
Trinity Road
Chelmsford CM2 6HS
01245 354517
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